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Some basic Linux and Git commands

Some basic Linux and Git commands

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Rajdeep Pal
·Feb 3, 2023·

3 min read

Linux Commands

pwd: to check the present working directory

ls: list all the directories

ls -a: list all including hidden files and directories

mkdir: create a new directory

mkdir –p A/B/C/…: make nested directories [where A, B, C are the names of the directories

cd: change directory

cd ..: go to the previous directory

cat <file name\>: to view the contents of a file

sudo: to grant super-user permissions to any file

chmod: to change permissions of any given file

tail: This command prints the last N numbers of data of the given input. By default, it prints 10 lines.

sort: This command is used to sort the results of the search either alphabetically or numerically. It also sorts files and directories.

chown: This command is used to change the file Owner or group.

vim: This is a text editor used in Linux. It stands for “Vi Improved”.

history: This command is used to view the previously executed command.

diff: This command is used to find the difference between two files.

ssh-keygen: This command is used to generate a public/private authentication key pair.

ssh user@host: connect to the host as a user.

clear: to clear the screen all at once

Git commands

git clone [url]: to clone a repository to your local.

git init: initialize an existing directory as a Git repository.

git add <file name\>: to stage a file so that it can be committed.

git commit -m “message: to commit the added file along with a message.

git push origin <branch name\>: to push the changes made to the file locally to the GitHub repository.

git reset <file name\>: unstaged a file while retaining the changes in the working directory.

git diff: difference of what is changed but not staged.

git branch: list your branches. * Indicates the currently active branch.

git branch <branch-name>: create a new branch at the current commit

git checkout: switch to another branch and check it out into your working directory

git merge <branch\>: merge the specified branch’s history into the current one

git log: show all commits in the current branch’s history

git rm <file\>: delete the file from the project and stage the removal for commit.

git fetch [alias]: fetch down all the branches from that Git remote

git merge [alias]/[branch]: merge a remote branch into your current branch to bring it up to date

git pull: fetch and merge any commits from the tracking remote branch

git pull –rebase: combining your local unpublished changes with the latest published changes on your remote

git stash: Save modified and staged changes

git stash pop: write working from the top of stash stack

git stash drop: discard the changes from the top of stash stack

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